Angelo Rotta's patience with the Hungarian bishops ended in this document. I language that borders on the intemperate when compared with his previous reports, Rotta labels the inaction of the bishops, including the Cardinal Primate, Justinian Seredi, "scandalous". I have not encountered such strong language in any document from a nuncio related to Catholic bishops anywhere in ADSS. Pius XII was, at the same time, sending a letter to the Regent, Admiral Miklos Horthy. This will follow in the next post. Reading Rotta's outburst, which comes more from the heart of a good man and priest, than the mind of a seasoned diplomat, I can feel the pain, frustration and anger that Jews, among them a considerable number of Christians, were going to their deaths and their bishops were silent. There is also evidence of the Vatican's growing frustration with the Hungarian bishops hinted in note 3 from the Secretariat of State. In effect, Rotta was told to "keep at it" and nag the bishops into doing something.
This is a debunking of one of the toughest myths about the Pope and the Holocaust. If he was pope, couldn't he order the bishops to protest etc? Here is a case in point. The pope did order, through his nuncio, the bishops to protest. The bishops did not. This does not mean Pius XII had no other course of action, as the papal letter to Horthy shows, but it does point out some of the real limitations to papal power.